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BlackEagle/BlackEagle Logistics & Procurement Branch, Data Support Section
Results of Criminal Organizations Database Search: Ejercito Revolutionario del Pueblo
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Ejercito Revolutionario del Pueblo #CR0002710 (Also... Some alternate names are aliases, other are names for specific subgroups or cells). Popular Liberation Army EPL Ejercito Popular de Liberacion Source: CIA, Interpol Type: Political terrorist organization. Scope: An active terrorist organization operating mainly in the western section of Columbia. Affiliations: Current affiliations exist with the armed wing of the Colombian Communist Party—MarxistLeninist (PCC-ML), as well as M-19 [#CR0002738] and the National Liberation Army [#CR0003112]. [Interpol] Personnel: 700 Operating Since: 1967 Structure: A military-style hierarchy of "assault squads" consisting of forty to fifty members each. Every squad is assigned to a different sector of Colombia and work together if needed for a larger operation. [CIA] Leaders: Jairo Clavo [#LL6298764], (aka Ernesto Rodas), killed by police in February 1987. Francisco Caraballo [#LL6391263] current leader. Javier Robles [#LL6481756] second in command. Legitimate Connections: None known. Resources: Smallarms, explosives and military equipment. Moderate support and intelligence, excellent funding through criminal operations. Suspected Criminal Activity: The actions of EPL are mainly criminal operations, beginning in 1982 with the kidnapping of a wealthy landowner in northeast Colombia and demanding a $2 Million dollar ransom. Further actions include the armed robbery of a payroll vehicle and robbing a Credit Fund, before their actions became very violent. In 1984 EPL executed eight peasants as Army informers and killed the police chief of a small town in northwest Colombia. In June of 1984 EPL assaulted a police station in downtown Medellin with machineguns, killing one policeman and wounding four others. The terrorists later bombed the building. One year later EPL broke a ceasefire agreement with the Government, attacked a small town in northeast Colombia, and killed four people. In June of 1986 clashes began between the EPL and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) [#CR0000591] including a bombing attack against the Colombian- Soviet Friendship Institute in Medellin as reprisal against the for clashes. A number of other bombings, kidnappings and assaults have been attributed to EPL, most ending without violence. Additional Commentary: The EPL emerged in late 1967 as a result of Maoist influence on Marxist-Leninist thinking. It is the armed branch of the minuscule pro-Peking PCC-ML. Throughout the 1970s, the EPL retained its ideological link with Peking, despite its diminutive size in comparison with other active Colombian groups. During the late 1970s, the EPL was responsible for occasional sabotage attacks, kidnapings, bank robberies, and bombings. Beginning in early 1987, the EPL began to develop a rural campaign in the Uraba region, making it one of the two most consistently active guerrilla zones in the country. The EPL, the National Liberation Army [#CR0003112], the M-19 [#CR0002738], and two other small groups compose the National Guerrilla Coordinator (CNG). The CNG structure was largely overcome by the advent of the Simon Bolivar Guerrilla Coordinator (SBGC), which the EPL also joined. The Maoist ideological stance continues to appeal to a small circle of university-based intellectuals who provide aid to the terrorist movement. The group remains active despite damaging arrests and retains influence in Bogota, Convencion, Medellin, Cali, Popayan, Pereira, and Tierra Alta.