BlackEagle/BlackEagle Logistics & Procurement Branch, Data Support Section
Results of Criminal Organizations Database Search: Mojahedin-e Khalq
Mojahedin-e Khalq #CR0002294
(Also... Some alternate names are aliases, other are names for specific subgroups or
Mujahedin-e Khalq Organization (MKO)
The National Liberation Army of Iran (NLA)
The People's Mujahedin of Iran (PMOI)
National Council of Resistance (NCR)
Muslim Iranian Student's Society
Source: CIA, EuroTer, Interpol, MI-6
Type: Political terrorist organization.
Media based attacks, and occasional violent terrorist attacks, directed mainly towards
Iran and it's people, worldwide.
Links to Hamas [#CR0002211] and Al Dawa [#CR0000944] in training and training.
facilities. [EuroTer] Also believed to be receiving financial aid from a local Muslim
Brotherhood [#CR0001983] faction. [MI-6]
Personnel: The group is currently made up of approximately 2,000 fighters. [Interpol]
Military-style hierarchy. Militia units made up of fifteen to twenty operatives formed into
companies. Units are overseen by a number of religious advisors. [MI-6]
MEK uses a number of Muslim support groups and Iranian resistance groups in order to
gain funding. Also receive support from Iraq, and front organizations to solicit
contributions from expatriate Iranian communities. [CIA]
Smallarms, explosives and limited military equipment. Good funding and support.
Moderate training and intelligence capabilities. [MI-6]
Suspected Criminal Activity:
The MEK directs a worldwide campaign against the Iranian Government that stresses
propaganda and occasionally uses terrorist violence. During the 1970s, the MEK
staged terrorist attacks inside Iran to destabilize and embarrass the Shah's regime; the
group killed several U.S. military personnel and civilians working on defense projects in
Tehran. In 1979 the group supported the takeover of the US Embassy in Tehran. In April
1992, the MEK carried out nearly simultaneous attacks on Iranian Embassies in 13
different countries in North America, Europe, and the Pacific Rim. The attacks caused
extensive property damage and demonstrated the group's ability to mount large-scale
operations overseas. The group is responsible for two armed attacks during 1993.
This group was formed in the 1960s by the college-educated children of wealthy
Iranian merchants. Their purpose in organizing was to counter what they perceived as
excessive Western influence in the Shah's regime and to bring the nation more in line
with their philosophical blend of Marxism and Islam. At a point early in the 1970's, the
MEK concluded that violence was the only way to bring about change in Iran. Since
then, the MEK has developed into the largest and most active armed Iranian dissident
group. Its history is studded with anti-Western and anti-Iranian activity, continuing with
recent attacks on the interests of the regime in Iran and abroad. During the 1970s the
MEK staged terrorist attacks inside Iran to destabilize and embarrass the Shah's regime;
the group killed several U.S. military personnel and civilians working on defense projects
In 1979 the group supported the takeover of the U.S. embassy. Their presence became
too much for the Iranian government to tolerate any longer and during a widespread
crackdown in the 1980s, the MEK's leaders were forced by Iranian security forces to flee.
Most eventually resettled, first in France, then in Iraq where the group is based today.
Since the mid-1980s, the MEK has not mounted terrorist operations in Iran at a level on
par with its activities during the 1970s. Aside from the National Liberation Army's attacks
into Iran toward the end of the Iran/Iraq War, and occasional NLA cross-border
incursions, their activities have amounted to little more than harassment. Group
members have proven able to adapt to the new circumstances, however.
The MEK has had considerable success in confronting Iranian representatives overseas
through propaganda and street demonstrations. The MEK directs a worldwide campaign
against the Iranian government that stresses propaganda and occasionally uses terrorist
violence. In April 1992, the MEK carried out nearly simultaneous attacks on Iranian
embassies in 13 different countries in North America, Europe, and the Pacific Rim. The
attacks caused extensive property damage and demonstrated the group's ability to
mount large-scale operations overseas. Iran's belief that the MEK was responsible for
the bombing of the Mahsad Shrine and subsequent attacks against the Iranian oil
facilities led Tehran in November 1994 to launch attacks against an MEK base.
USE BACK BUTTON TO
RETURN TO MY TERRORIST PAGES