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BlackEagle/BlackEagle Logistics & Procurement Branch, Data Support Section
Results of Criminal Organizations Database Search: Mojahedin-e Khalq
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Mojahedin-e Khalq #CR0002294 (Also... Some alternate names are aliases, other are names for specific subgroups or cells). Mujahedin-e Khalq Organization (MKO) The National Liberation Army of Iran (NLA) The People's Mujahedin of Iran (PMOI) National Council of Resistance (NCR) Muslim Iranian Student's Society Source: CIA, EuroTer, Interpol, MI-6 Type: Political terrorist organization. Scope: Media based attacks, and occasional violent terrorist attacks, directed mainly towards Iran and it's people, worldwide. Affiliations: Links to Hamas [#CR0002211] and Al Dawa [#CR0000944] in training and training. facilities. [EuroTer] Also believed to be receiving financial aid from a local Muslim Brotherhood [#CR0001983] faction. [MI-6] Personnel: The group is currently made up of approximately 2,000 fighters. [Interpol] Operating Since: 1961 Structure: Military-style hierarchy. Militia units made up of fifteen to twenty operatives formed into companies. Units are overseen by a number of religious advisors. [MI-6] Leaders: Leadership unknown. Legitimate Connections: MEK uses a number of Muslim support groups and Iranian resistance groups in order to gain funding. Also receive support from Iraq, and front organizations to solicit contributions from expatriate Iranian communities. [CIA] Resources: Smallarms, explosives and limited military equipment. Good funding and support. Moderate training and intelligence capabilities. [MI-6] Suspected Criminal Activity: The MEK directs a worldwide campaign against the Iranian Government that stresses propaganda and occasionally uses terrorist violence. During the 1970s, the MEK staged terrorist attacks inside Iran to destabilize and embarrass the Shah's regime; the group killed several U.S. military personnel and civilians working on defense projects in Tehran. In 1979 the group supported the takeover of the US Embassy in Tehran. In April 1992, the MEK carried out nearly simultaneous attacks on Iranian Embassies in 13 different countries in North America, Europe, and the Pacific Rim. The attacks caused extensive property damage and demonstrated the group's ability to mount large-scale operations overseas. The group is responsible for two armed attacks during 1993. Additional Commentary: This group was formed in the 1960s by the college-educated children of wealthy Iranian merchants. Their purpose in organizing was to counter what they perceived as excessive Western influence in the Shah's regime and to bring the nation more in line with their philosophical blend of Marxism and Islam. At a point early in the 1970's, the MEK concluded that violence was the only way to bring about change in Iran. Since then, the MEK has developed into the largest and most active armed Iranian dissident group. Its history is studded with anti-Western and anti-Iranian activity, continuing with recent attacks on the interests of the regime in Iran and abroad. During the 1970s the MEK staged terrorist attacks inside Iran to destabilize and embarrass the Shah's regime; the group killed several U.S. military personnel and civilians working on defense projects in Tehran. In 1979 the group supported the takeover of the U.S. embassy. Their presence became too much for the Iranian government to tolerate any longer and during a widespread crackdown in the 1980s, the MEK's leaders were forced by Iranian security forces to flee. Most eventually resettled, first in France, then in Iraq where the group is based today. Since the mid-1980s, the MEK has not mounted terrorist operations in Iran at a level on par with its activities during the 1970s. Aside from the National Liberation Army's attacks into Iran toward the end of the Iran/Iraq War, and occasional NLA cross-border incursions, their activities have amounted to little more than harassment. Group members have proven able to adapt to the new circumstances, however. The MEK has had considerable success in confronting Iranian representatives overseas through propaganda and street demonstrations. The MEK directs a worldwide campaign against the Iranian government that stresses propaganda and occasionally uses terrorist violence. In April 1992, the MEK carried out nearly simultaneous attacks on Iranian embassies in 13 different countries in North America, Europe, and the Pacific Rim. The attacks caused extensive property damage and demonstrated the group's ability to mount large-scale operations overseas. Iran's belief that the MEK was responsible for the bombing of the Mahsad Shrine and subsequent attacks against the Iranian oil facilities led Tehran in November 1994 to launch attacks against an MEK base.
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